Bos mutus (wild yak)

The yak (Bos grunniens) is a widely domesticated long-haired bovine native to the Tibetan Plateau of Central Asia. Their physiological adaptations for life at high altidudes include enlarged lungs and hearts, a form of haemoglobin with greater oxygen carrying capacity, thick fur, and a thick layer of subcutaneous fat. Wild yak populations (Bos mutus or Bos grunniens mutus) are now restricted to a few small regions in China and India.

yakScreenshot from 2016-11-18 10-35-09

References:

  1. Qiu, Q. et al. The yak genome and adaptation to life at high altitude. Nature genetics 44, 946-949, doi:10.1038/ng.2343 (2012).
  2. nott

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