Saccharomyces cerevisiae (yeast)

The budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is one of the major model organisms for understanding cellular and molecular processes in eukaryotes. This single-celled organism is also important in industry, where it is used to make bread, beer, wine, enzymes, and pharmaceuticals.The Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome is approximately 12 Mb, organized in 16 chromosomes.