software: 1). samtools; 2). annovar;

file format: 1). vcf; 2). sam/bam; 3). gff (include end); 4).the Description of Sequence Variants (nomenclature)


file format: 1). bed; (并且最后一个碱基不包含在内,比如3 5,包含的是第2个碱基到第4个碱基之间的序列,一共3个碱基);


HOX gene

ref: 2013-the regulation of hox gene expression during animal development


homeosis the replacement of part of one segment of an insect or other segemented animal by a structure characteristic of a different segment, especially through mutation.
homeobox any of a class of closely similar sequences which occur in various genes and are involved in regulating embryonic development in a wide range of species